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Frederic P. Miller, Agnes F. Vandome, John McBrewster


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Аннотация к книге "Al-Awasim"

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The al-'awasim was the Arabic term used to refer to the Muslim side of the frontier zone between the Byzantine Empire and the Ummayyad and Abbasid Caliphates in Cilicia, northern Syria and northern Mesopotamia. It was established in the early 8th century, once the first wave of the Muslim conquests ebbed, and lasted until the late 10th century, when it was overrun by the Byzantine advance. It comprised the forward marches, comprising a chain of...