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Frederic P. Miller, Agnes F. Vandome, John McBrewster


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Аннотация к книге "Kosmotropic"

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Solutes are defined as kosmotropic if they contribute to the stability and structure of water-water interactions. Kosmotropes cause water molecules to favorably interact, which also stabilizes intermolecular interactions in macromolecules such as proteins. Ionic kosmotropes tend to be small or have high charge density. Some ionic kosmotropes are sulfate, phosphate, magnesium(2+) and lithium(1+). Large ions or ions with low charge density (such as...